Hildebrand, Lorraine, STRAW HATS, SANDALS AND STEEL: The Chinese in Washington State (Ethnic History Series), 1977.  

Andrew Gyory, CLOSING THE GATE: Race, Politics, and the Chinese Exclusion Act (University of North Carolina Press). 

Murray Morgan, PUGET’S SOUND: A Narrative of Early Tacoma (University of Washington Press). 

Jean Pfaelzer, DRIVEN OUT: The Forgotten War Against Chinese Americans (Random House Hardcover; ISBN 978-1-4000-6134-1).

Christopher Corbett, THE POKER BRIDE: The First Chinese in the Wild West (Atlantic Monthly Press).

Yung, J., Chang, G.H. and Lai, H.M. eds. Chinese American Voices: From the Gold Rush to the Present (Berkeley: University of California Press), 2006.

Kwong, Peter, Chinese American: The Immigrant Experience (Universe), 2000.

Sandmeyer, Elmer Clarence & Daniels, Roger, The Anti-Chinese Movement in California (reprint), 1991.

Chang, Iris, The Chinese in America (Penguin), 2004.

Saxton, Alexander, The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti-Chinese Movement in California (University of California Press).


Karlin, Jules A. “The Anti-Chinese Outbreaks in Tacoma, 1885” Pacific Historical Review 23 (August 1954).

Karlin, Jules A. “The Anti-Chinese Outbreaks in Seattle, 1885-1886” Pacific Northwest Quarterly 39 (April 1948).

Asian American history and culture websites and guides to other resources hosted by the Center for Educational Telecommunications, Berkeley, CA
Washington State Commission on Asian Pacific American Affairs
Article on the Tacoma Expulsion in History Link, the free online encycolpedia of Washington history… Lesson on the Anti-Chinese Movement in the Pacific Northwest
The Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience, Seattle, WA
Chinese Historical Society of America (San Francisco, CA)
Public television’s documentary series about the Chinese American experience and links to resources
Timeline of Chinese American history
Interesting multi-media timeline packed with information
Angel Island, where immigrants from Asia were processed from 1910 to 1040
Harper’s Weekly cartoons, illustrations, and articles from the period of the Anti-Chinese Movement
Article and lithograph of March 6, 1886 in Harper’s Weekly of the Anti-Chinese Riot at Seattle
Editorial of November 21, 1885: Crimes Against the Chinese
Historical summary of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
Information on the Rock Springs Massacre in Wyoming which occurred just before the Tacoma Expulsion
Online exhibit on Chinese American women’s history

Dr. Sun Yat Sen Chinese Garden, Vancouver, B.C. Canada
Portland Chinese Classical Garden, Lan Su Yuan, Portland, OR